Indonesia is globally known as the producer of high quality wooden furniture. The high quality at affordable price is the main hallmark of furniture furniture jepara products produced from this country.
The mapping of this industry in Indonesia is interesting to be discussed here since there should be an answer regarding to the center of furniture industry from this country.
The industry clusters are spread around Indonesia. Jepara, Bali, Surakarta and many other clusters shape the sovereign industry. However, the most considerable cluster of this kind of industry is Jepara. The question is why this cluster is very strong in this industry.
Raw Material Supply
Raw material for this industry is certainly timber. As this cluster is located in Java, the supply of wood is not considered of significant problem. The availability of timber is supplied by PT. Perhutani (state -owned enterprise specializing in ruling the supply of government’s plantation) and people’s plantation. The main timbers supplied by these entities are mahogany and teak wood. Many researches prove that wood, especially teak, is the best teak wood in Indonesia. However, the best wood is supplied by PT Perhutani which only cut down the tree if and if only the tree is old enough.
Craftsmanship is certainly factor which makes Jepara to become very strong cluster in producing wooden furniture. In fact, this town has much less wood supply than its surroundings. Blora, Pati, Ngawi, Bojonegoro are towns whose wood are recognized with its quality. However, those towns are not recognized as furniture producers. The timber produced from these towns is supplied to Jepara to be transformed into furniture products. This means that craftsmanship possessed by this town creates a value added to the whole of this industry.